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Accession number 2000.19
Catalog Number 2000.19.1
Object Name Letter
Scope & Content Autographed letter signed by Lachlan McIntosh, Button Guinnett's (Signer of Declaration of Independence and President of the State of Georgia) killer. McIntosh was, at this time, a commissioner of Congress who dealt with Southern Indians. He killed Guinett in a duel.

See transcription attached in Multimedia Links

June 10, 1785, Skidoway Island, addressed to John MacIntosh, Junior, the letter reads, in part, "...The Governor in a Letter I have just rec'd is very desirous I should go to the Indian Treaty,...which they have agreed to hold at Beard's Bluff on the Alatamaha...he says the Indian Deputys are on their way down and will be there tomorrow...I really could wish for many reasons to be at the treaty, and that you could meet me there..but there are inumerable obstacles and difficulties in my moving from Home...the heat of the Season...want of Horses and other requisites..my crop and other business suffering...are all objections..if the Indian Line South of the Alatamaha is extended further out, it will require Mumford or one of his assistants to run it to St. Mary's.." He writes more on business. Written on laid, watermarked paper, lightly toned, with minor browning, small holes and separations along folds, and a small seal tear affects one word. The writing is very clear and legible, being boldly penned and signed in dark brown ink. The address panel notes that the letter was delivered "by Mulato Billy".

In 1776, McIntosh was appointed colonel of a battalion of Georiga troops which was later incorporated into the Continental Army; he was subsequently appointed brigadier general. Button Gwinnett, President of the State of Georgia, attempted to bring the troops under local control; this, along with an investigation into a failed military expedition into Florida in 1777, and personal differences and disputes between the two men, led to a duel in which Gwinnett was killed and McIntosh wounded. McIntosh was brought to trial and acquitted but was the object of rancor from Gwinnet's friends. George Walton, Georgia's delegate in Congress, obtained McIntosh's transfer to Washington's headquarters and he wintered at Valley Forge. Placed in command of the Western department in 1778, he failed to carry out plans against Detroit and had to turn over his command. Commander of the first and fifth South Carolina regiments in the disastrous attack on Savannah, he was taken prisoner by the British at Charleston, then exchanged for General O'Hara in 1782. Again, George Walton led the way to his being suspended from active service; this was repealed and he was brevetted major general in 1783. He was elected a delegate from Georgia in 1784, and in 1785086, the time of this letter, was one of four commissioners of Congress to treat with the Southern Indians.
Date 1785
Catalog date 2006-02-03
Condition Good
Imagefile 006\2000191.JPG