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Accession number 2002.74
Catalog Number 2002.74.1
Object Name Envelope
Scope & Content Osceola Envelope. Osceola's profile (facing left) is on the left side of the envelope. The painted image is signed "A. Sileau" and labeled "Osceola" in red print below the image. The 18 cent stamp has an image of a lighthouse below an American flag. At the bottom of the stamp is written "…from sea to shining sea." The post mark is stamped with "Saint Augustine, FL, 32084, Oct 22, 1981." On the back of the envelope there is a small blue logo reading "Fleetwood" and the following text on Osceola:

"Osceola.
The most famous leader of the Seminoles was Osceola, recognized as a great warrior before he was twenty. Although not a hereditary chief, he acquired a large following during the Seminole resistance against efforts to remove them from Florida to Indian Territory. Osceola's origins are controversial, some sources stating that he was born about 1803 on the Tallapoosa River in Alabama, others placing his birthplace on the Chattahoochee River in Georgia. Some accounts claim that he was quarter-blood Scot; others say that his father was an Englishman named Powell; still others describe him as a full-blood Indian. Regardless of his origins, it is fairly certain that Osceola's people moved into Florida early in the 19th century. A branch of the Creek tribe, the Seminoles favored the area around Tampa Bay. By the 1830's, Osceola was living near present-day Osala and was leader of the resistance movement. When the U.S. began applying military pressure to force the Seminoles to move west of the Mississippi, the Indians rose up against the small forts on December 28, 1835, killing agent Wiley Thompson and ambushing a detachment of 110 men under Major F.L. Dade, starting a full-scale war. After General Thomas Jesup captured two important Seminole chiefs, Osceola requested a conference. He met with General Joseph Hernandez on October 22, 1837, under a truce flag. Acting on Jesup's orders, Hernandez violated the truce and seized Osceola and 95 of his people, imprisoning them at St. Augustine. Osceola was later removed to Fort Moultrie, South Carolina, where he became a symbol of Indian mistreatment, winning the sympathy of many Americans. George Catlin and other artists visited the prison to paint his portrait. On January 31, 1838, despairing over the fate of his people, Osceola died either by his own will or from a secret poison."

The envelope is made from high quality paper with a laid pattern texture.
Date 1981
Catalog date 2006-02-09
Condition Good
Imagefile 008\2002741.JPG