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Accession number 2003.251
Catalog Number 2003.251.1
Object Name Letter
Scope & Content This letter/speech/talk was written by Moultrie on February 9th, 1774 and is written as a talk to the Cowkeeper and other head men and warriors of the Creek Nation. The letter unfolded measures 39.5cm x 32 cm. The letter was folded five times and has substantial creases and small losses along each of the eight fold lines. When the paper is completely unfolded there is a large portion missing from the top left corner of the page. The missing portion measures approximately 8cm x 16cm.

The paper is laid paper with the ridges from the screen horizontally visible. There are two watermarks. In the center of the written portion of the letter (on the right when looking at the front of the letter) there appears to be an eagle standing on a bell. The bell has "71" written in the middle of it. Over the eagle there is a word that is not clear. On the other side of the paper, without the written portion of the letter, there is an oval with a crown with a small cross on top of it. Below the crown is written "GR" and there are laurel leaves to either side of these letters. One site claims that the GR in watermarks stands for George II. See related tab for other examples of these watermarks.

Descriptions are written such that the letter is unfolded completely and the front page starts with "Talk to the Cowkeeper…"

Written in script (presumably iron gall ink) on the front page (front right when unfolded) is:
"Talk to the Cowkeeper and other head men and warriors of the Creek Nation.
Men and Warriors,
I send you bad news. I have heard that some of your nation have struck the great Kings children in Georgia, and spilt their blood upon the ground. The white people grew angry and have killed some of them.
You know that I have always told you that I loved my people, and that I loved your people, and that I wanted to see them live like Brothers, and that our Children should grow up together or on the same land. This is the great King's desire, who will be sorry and angry to hear this bad news.
Let us like good men and wise men, and like men that love our people, force the Hatchet out of the hands of mad men and fools.
When any of you have met me, I have told you that I was your friend and that I loved your people. You told me that you were my friends and loved my people."
(in the lower right corner is written "now")

Near the missing portion of the top left corner is written in iron ink vertically:
"The cowkeeper…
Head men and Warrio…
The Creek Nation."

In pencil written horizontally to the left of center top is:
"Manifesto to the Creek Indians
Gen: Moultrie
1774"

On the back side of the letter written in iron ink in script on the left side:
"Now is the time to try whither wee make truth or told a lye, and whither our hearts, our hands, and our tongues went together.
If it is only some madmen and young fools that have done this mischief, they only are to blame; and they only ought to suffer for it.
I will not believe that your nation will go to war with us, unless you tell me so. I send this talk to you to know whither it is war or peace.
If you will hold your white brothers by the hand, tell me so, and let us try to cover the blood that has been spilt, and let us make the path clean, and safe to walk in again while I hear from you, or know whither 'tis peace or war. I shall only take care to guard my people.
If any of you have a mind to talk like a friend, come to me you shall be safe, not a hair of your head, shall be touched.
Given under my hand and seal at St. Augustine this 9th of February 1774. Gen Moultrie"

A red wax seal (2.8cm x 2.5cm) is still attached next to Moultrie's name.
Creator Moultrie
Title Moultrie's talk to Cowkeeper and warriors
Date February 9th, 1774
Pub Date 2/9/1774
Condition fair
Imagefile 010\20032511.JPG
Size 16'' x 13'' unfolded